Glossary of SCA Equestrian Terms and Acronyms

A work in progress.

For general equestrian terms, try this site: Glossary of Equine Terms
For general SCA terms, try this site: Glossary of SCA Terms

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Advanced Rider - A rider that has qualified to ride the games at a canter.

amble - a slow easy gait.

ambler - a type of medieval horse.

An Tir - A kingdom in the Society for Creative Anachronism. See the Kingdom of An Tir web site at http://www.antir.sca.org.

authorization ride -

autocrat - an individual responsible for organizing and running an event.

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bards - another term for caparison or barding

barding  - a cloth covering or metal armor for a horse.

barrier  - The divider between two jousting lanes. It is intended to keep the horses from colliding.

baston course - the same type of tournament as a kolbenturnier, but in France. Known in England as a "baton course." Late 15th century.

Beginnner Rider - A rider that has qualified to ride the games at a walk.

behead the enemy -  an equestrian game, aka "Beheading the Infidel" that involves riding a weaving pattern between stanchions with detachable heads and knocking off the heads with a wooden or padded sword. It is a timed event.

behord - a type of medieval tournament. Sometimes used in the SCA to refer to mounted combat. See the mounted combat entry.

berfois - the ladies of rank that attend and judge an emprise.

blue card - The SCA membership card that indicates that the bearer has a signed waiver on file at the SCA corporate registrar's office.

boffer - a type of weapon that is constructed of lightweight material and significant padding.

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caparison - a cloth covering for a horse.

carousel - a performance of equestrians, similar to a quadrille

challenge course

chamfron - armor that protects the horse's face. aka Shaffron.

charter - the governing ideals of the guild. See the Guild Charter.

cheque - a score card

controi - a group of riders

course -

courser -

crest - see the article, Building Crests for Mounted Combat

cup race -

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EM  - Acronym for Equestrian Marshal, see the "equestrian marshal" entry.

EMIC - Acronym for Equestrian Marshal-in-Charge, see the "equestrian marshal -in-charge" entry.

EMIT - Acronym for Equestrian Marshal-in-Training, see the "equestrian marshal-in-training" entry.

emprise  - a formal competition based on a 15th century style tournament.

Emprise of the Black Lion - A formal emprise that has been presented yearly since 2000 by the Shire of Midhaven. See the site at: http://www.9v.com/crystal/Emprise/

equestrian autocrat - also known as the equestrian  liaison  or equicrat.  See. equestrian liaison

equestrian liaison - a member of the autocrat team, who works with the EMIC and the autocrat team to manage horse activities at an event.

equestrian marshal - A person who has trained and been qualified to

equestrian marshal-in-charge - An EM that is in charge of the equestrian aspects of an event. Often works in conjunction with an equestrian liaison.

equestrian marshal-in-training - A person who is training to become an equestrian marshal. In An Tir, most EMITs have a sponsoring EM.

equicrat - also known as the equestrian autocrat or equestrian liaison. See equestrian liasion.

"Equusi! Equusi! Equusi!" - MEG's motto. A bastard version of Latin intended to mean "horsie, horsie, horsie."

equine - in the SCA, this term includes horses, ponies, miniature horses, mules, donkeys, and zebras.

Estrella War - A HUGE war held in Goodyear, Arizona on the President's Day weekend.  The war is traditionally between Atenveldt and Caid, but now also includes Artemesia and the Outlands.

event -

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fechtbuchs - Fechtbuchs (often mispronouced "fight books") are manuals and treatises on fighting styles, including sword, hand to hand, and mounted. Famous fechtbuchs include Fiore's Flos Duellatorum,.

Fiore

foot attendant - a person who assists a mounted equestrian.

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gait - The paces at which horses move, usually the walk, trot, canter and gallop.

gallery - where the spectators watch the competitions

games - a generic term that encompasses all SCA equestrian activities.

green card - The equestrian authorization card for riders, groundscrewman, equestrian marshals-in-training, and equestrian marshals.

groundscrew - someone who assists in setting up and resetting the game equipment and assisting the riders. See the article, Groundcrew101

guild - (with a lower case "g"  An group of people organized to promote the study and practice of some particular Art or Science.

Guild - (with a captial "G"  An organization chartered in a groups to promote the study and practice of some particular Art or Science. See the Charter.

guild head - the person in charge of organizing the guild and reporting.

guild member - If you participate in the equestrian activities in the Barony of Madrone, no matter where you live, you can consider yourself a guild member.

Gulf Wars - A large war in Meredies that is well known for their high-profile equestrian events.

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harness -

hastiludes - "Spear games" a term that covers all games that test the riders skill with a "spear or lance."

heads - another name for the game, "Beheading the enemy"

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IKEQ - acronym for Interkingdom Equestrian competion.

insurance

insurance certificate

insurance rider

Interkingdom Equestrian Competition  - a standardized set of games that allow equestrians from different kingdoms to compete and submit their scores.

intermediate rider - A rider who has been qualified to ride the games at a trot.

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javelin - a short spear that is usually thrown at a target.

joust  - A martial competition where two riders on either side of a barrier, ride towards each other with the intent to strike each other with a lance.

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KEO  - An acronym for Kingdom Equestrian Officer.  See Kingdom Equestrian Officer.

Kingdom Equestrian Officer - (KEO) The officer in charge of equestrian activities within a kingdom. In An Tir, the KEO also uses the title "Royal Equestrian."

knock-a-knight - a type of quintain that is knocked over.

kolben - A German mace or cudgel that is usually made of wood in a tapering octagonal shape with a small handguard and roundel. Used in the Kolbenturnier in the late 15th century.  In the SCA, if it is made of foam, it is an attractive alternate to the sword for Mounted Combat.

kolbenturnier - a popular type of German tournament at the end of the 15th century. It involved striking the crest off an opponents head with either a kolben (mace/cudgel) or a blunted sword. It is believed to have been to the destruction of the crest (usually made of leather, light wood, or plaster).  Known as the baston course in France and the baton course in England.  Special large helmets with large grills were developed for this type of tournament.

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lance  - 1) a spear-like weapon 2) a group of riders 3) "Golden Lance"  - a proposed inter-kingdom award

lane - The prescribed track that a horse and rider travels. Used in jousting, reeds, archery, and other games where traveling in a straight line is required.

list - 1)  all of the competitors in a competition 2) another term for a jousting tiltyard

list field - the area that the competition is held.

list minister - the person who tracks the participants in a tournament and their scores.

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Madrone - The name of the group that sponsors the guild. An SCA barony in the Kingdom of An Tir. See the website, http://www.baronyofmadrone.org.

Madrone Equestrian Guild - The recognized and chartered equestrian Guild of the Barony of Madrone that encourages equestrian activities in the barony.  See our Charter.

marshal

MEG - acronym for Madrone Equestrian Guild, see Charter.

MEG-Head - The head of the Madrone Equestrian Guild

minor - The SCA defines a minor as any person under the age of 18.

mounted archery - target archery from horseback.

mounted combat - sometimes known as a baston course, a kolbenturnier, or a behord. A competition that involves knocking a detachable crest from another rider's helmet with a padded sword, while avoiding the same fate.

mundane - Used as an adjective referring to everything and a noun referring to everyone still part of the 20th Century world

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non-member waiver roster

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Ordo Equis - An Tir non-armigerous Equestrian Award, see Ordo Equis page. Originally presented as a grant-level award, in the Dec AS 40 edition of An Tir kingdom law, it appears as a non-armigerous award.  The name has will also be changed pending approval by the College of Arms.

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pas d'arms -

pass - A single encounter between two riders. There are usually three passes per turn.

pigs - a foam target that lays on the ground.

pigsticking - a game that involves plucking a "pig," a foam target, off the ground with the end of a long spear.

pilgrimage - a costumed trail ride. Sometimes supplemented by "stations" that feature a display or some amusement.

Pluviel -

portable paddock - a paddock that can be transported to a site and set-up. There are two types of portable paddocks: panels and electrical.

practice -

processional -

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quadrille - Performance given by a team of four, six, eight or more riders, involving riding an intricate pattern to music.

qualifying - Proving riding skill at a specific level

qualification ride

quest - a type of activity that combines a trail ride with puzzles and challenges.

quintain - a training tool consisting of a vertical pole topped with a vertical cross arm with a target. The arm rotates when struck. Scoring is based on the number of turns.  Also see racing quintain, shock quintain, and knock-a-knight.

quintain lance - A specialized lance used for striking quintain. It is usually heavier than a ring quintain with a blunt end.

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ranking

racing quintain - A vertical pole with two arms with targets. The arms are attached to the pole with mechanism that causes one arm to fall when the opposite target is hit.  It is a race to hit the target first.  Also see quintain, shock quintain, and knock-a-knight.

reeds - a game that involves running in a straight-line between two lines of stanchions with a detachable portion, and knocking as many tops off as possible. This is a timed event.

region

regional practice

rental - a rental horse

rings

roster waiver

Royal Equestrian - see Kingdom Equestrian Officer

runout - The areas at either end of an lane where a horse and rider start and end their pass.

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SCA - Acronym for Society for Creative Anachronism

scores

seat

seatbones

seneschal

shock quintain - a training tool consisting of a vertical pole with a target.  It is used to acclimate horse and rider to striking another rider.  Also see  racing quintain, quintain, and knock-a-knight.

sidesaddle

sideseat - a type of saddle used mainly by women during the medieval periods.

Society for Creative Anachronism  - A non-profit educational organization that recreates the  middle ages and renaissance See http://www.sca.org.

spear

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tenant - at an emprise, the defending competitors of the field.

tent pegging

thread the needle - A game that requires tossing a spear through an upright ring balanced on a stanchion, and catching it on the otherside without upsetting the ring.

tilt - Verb; to tilt as an alternative to joust. Noun: the barrier, or the whole tiltyard.

tiltyard - The entire field used for jousting, including the barrier, the lanes, and the runout.

tournament

tourney

tourney cheque

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"unofficial" practice - a practice that is not under the auspices of the SCA. It isn't covered by the SCA insurance or SCA equestrian certificate.

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vamplate - The guard on a lance that protects your hand.

venant - at an emprise, the challenging competitors.

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waivers - Official document signed by all attendees at SCA events, indicating that they understand the risks inherent in the activity and agree not to sue if those risks result in injury to themselves or their property. For equestrian activities, you must have waivers for both attending the event, and a separate waiver for participating in equestrian activities.  Waivers can be individual waivers (one per person) or roster waivers (a single sheet that multiple people sign.)

war saddle

waster - a wooden practice sword.

white card - an SCA membership card that indicates that the bearer does NOT have a waiver on file at the corporate SCA registrar's office. To attend events and practices, a waiver must be signed.

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Xenophan - a Greek equestrian who is considered the father of horsemanship.

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yahoogroup - A bulletin board/list service hosted by Yahoogroups.com.

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- z -

zebra - an equine

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