In 2004, a few intrepid member of the Society for Creative Anachronism (SCA) decided to try their hand at coming out with a "gentler, kinder" form of jousting. They developed a style of jousting using foam tips to replace the tips of wooden lances. After much experimental usage, the rules were accepted in April 2005, and SCA jousting became a reality. No more do we have to say "No" when people ask us "Do you Joust?" We can say "oh yeah...."
The official SCA equestrian rules and guidelines for jousting are available on the SCA Society's Equestrian site.
According to the April 5, 2005 rules:
The best training for jousting is many of the same games that we normally do at equestrian practices. Rings teach target control and quintain teaches both targeting, anticipating the hit. Dom Duarte, the 15th century King of Portugal advocated learning lance skills on the ground first and then on a horse. To learn more about improving your targeting, see the article: Improving Your Game Scores: Rings by Earl Edward Ian Anderson
Practicing traveling in a straight line beside a fence or barrier, will imitate the dividing barrier of the tiltyard. Having another horse traveling in the other direction on the other side is the next step. Some horses want to turn around and follow their new friend. Start at a walk and progress to a canter.
Add your weapon. For a simple jousting lance made with hand tools, see the article: A Simple SCA Jousting Lance by Sir Rapheal.
Jousting requires a specialized authorization by a qualified marshal. The marshals that are authorized for authorizing other equestrians for jousting are listed on the An Tir Marshal's roster.
Jousting has some specialized terms.
barrier - The divider between two jousting lanes. It is intended to keep the horses from colliding. It is
joust - A martial competition where two riders on either side of a barrier, ride towards each other with the intent to strike each other with a lance.
list - 1) all of the competitors in a competition 2) another term for a jousting tiltyard
lance - The weapon used for jousting. For SCA foam jousting, this is made of three parts: a handle, a cardboard shaft, and a foam tip.
lane - The prescribed track that a horse and rider travels. Used in jousting, reeds, archery, and other games where traveling in a straight line is required.
pass - A single encounter between two riders. There are usually three passes per turn.
run - also known as a pass
runout - The areas at either end of an lane where a horse and rider start and end their pass.
tilt - Verb; to tilt as an alternative to joust. Noun: the barrier, or the whole tiltyard.
tiltyard - The entire field used for jousting, including the barrier, the lanes, and the runout.
vamplate - The guard on a lance that protects your hand.
Official SCA Jousting Rules
How a Man Shall Prepare Himself for a Tourney by Will McLean
The Lance in the Joust by unknown (includes quotes from Dom Duarte and photos of extant lances)
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